Training Companion Dogs for Veterans and First Responders: Inside the Process


Companion dogs can play a transformative role in the lives of veterans and first responders experiencing Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). These dogs offer emotional support, perform specific tasks, and provide valuable companionship that can be life-changing for those coping with PTSD. However, to become a reliable companion dog for veterans and first responders, canines must undergo extensive training. In this blog post, we’ll explore the process of training companion dogs within this specialized context.

Selecting the Right Candidates

The first step in training companion dogs for veterans and first responders is ensuring the dog possesses the right characteristics. Some essential traits in a candidate include:

1. A strong work ethic: The dog must be eager to work and learn new tasks.

2. High adaptability: The dog should be able to adjust quickly to new environments and situations.

3. Calm and gentle demeanor: The dog must have a patient and nurturing personality to deal with the emotional and psychological challenges faced by veterans and first responders with PTSD.

4. Strong bond with humans: The dog should be able to form deep connections with their handlers, as trust is crucial in the therapy process.

Basic Obedience Training

Before tackling task-specific training, a companion dog must first master basic obedience skills such as “sit,” “stay,” “come,” and “heel.” By having a strong foundation in obedience, the dog will be better equipped to respond in everyday situations and can more effectively learn complex tasks.

Task-Specific Training: Customized to the Handler’s Needs

After mastering basic obedience, the dog is ready for specialized training based on the needs of the person they will assist. Some common PTSD-specific tasks include:

1. Recognizing triggers and alerting the handler: The dog is trained to identify situations or environmental stimuli that might trigger PTSD symptoms, offering the handlers the time to prepare or avoid potential stressors.

2. Interrupting nightmares: The dog will learn to wake up their handler gently during night terrors or panic attacks, offering comfort and reassurance.

3. Deep pressure therapy: The dog can provide calming pressure by lying on their handler’s chest or lap during moments of heightened anxiety or stress, helping to soothe and alleviate symptoms.

4. Creating a physical barrier: The dog can stand between the handler and other people to foster a sense of security and personal space.

Socialization and Public Access Training

To ensure the companion dog will behave appropriately in various public settings, they must undergo socialization and public access training. This training process involves exposing the dog to different environments, people, and other animals to foster confidence, calmness, and appropriate behavior in various situations. Public access training includes teaching the dog to:

1. Walk calmly on a leash without pulling or getting distracted.

2. Stay focused and perform tasks in noisy or crowded areas.

3. Ignore food and other temptations on the ground.

4. Properly navigate public transportation and other environments.

Matching the Dog with the Handler

Once a dog has completed their specialized training, the process of matching them with a suitable handler begins. Factors such as temperament, physical strength, and task requirements are taken into account to ensure the perfect match. Once matched, the handler and the dog will participate in a transition period, allowing them to develop a bond and become acclimated to each other before beginning their lives together.


Training companion dogs for veterans and first responders is a comprehensive and essential process that goes far beyond basic obedience. These dedicated animals possess specialized skills tailored to the unique needs of individuals with PTSD. With continued awareness and support for companion dog training programs, we can ensure that more veterans and first responders have the opportunity to benefit from the life-changing bond between humans and dogs.